By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

In terms of the dealing with the substance or drug abuse or overuse and overdose phenomenon happening throughout the nation, the position with the most evidence remains the harm reduction philosophy as applied in the various harm reduction methodologies.

The purpose of the harm reduction philosophy as shown in the evidence is proven; the intent is not only good but has positive individual and societal impacts. The main problem is the degree to which there is funding for the methodologies, e.g. overdose prevention sites and safe injection sites and Naloxone kits.

Parkdale, Toronto had the problem of funding. There is a group of bottom-up organizers who worked to open, alongside activists and healthcare workers, an overdose prevention site in the neighbourhood. As it turns out, there has been work to prevent this, not from the grassroots.

The province is now going to pause funding on these initiatives. However, the Parkdale community – the aforementioned community members – two weeks after the announcement decided to open the overdose prevention site anyway. The Toronto Overdose |Prevention Society stated that the reason was in direct response to the government legal sanctions.

This is reported to be similar to the Moss Park site opened about one year ago. The new site will be on Beaty Boulevard park and King Street West.

Molly Bannerman, the Toronto Overdose Prevention Society member, stated, “We are in the midst of a public health crisis and we will not allow lifesaving services to be paused while Parkdale community members are dying… We will stand together and fight against this crisis with other communities across the province.”
The province cut the original funding for the site. The Parkdale Queen West Community Health Centre would have opened one; however, only two days prior to the opening of the site the funding was then suspended for any of the sites. This reflect community activism for the benefit of the members in it, given available evidence about harm reduction.
More information in the link at the start.

Photo by Ivan Bandura on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen


(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail:

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

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