Belleville and the Crisis, and Harm Reduction

Belleville and the Crisis, and Harm Reduction

There is continual news about the negative impacts of the opioid crisis on individual lives, and on families, communities, and society, even using the simple metric of the numbers of dead counted each day or the thousands per annum in Canada.

One small community with sixth highest hospitalization rate for opioid poisoning is Belleville. The Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) looked into data from 2013 to 2018, and found those results.

Opioid-Related Harms in Canada was the report published, recently.

The Hastings and Prince Edward County Medical Officer of Health, Dr. Piotr Oglaza, stated, “It is a terrifying statistic to see that our community ranks so high… That truly reinforces that we have a lot of work to do.

The report noted that smaller Canadian communities are more likely to experience the higher levels of hospitalization than the others. In Ontario, the average rate of significant opioid poisoning hospitalizations was 14.8 per 100,00 but, in Bellville, it was 44.5 in 2017.

With the communities having populations between 50,000 and 99,999, the rates were 2 ½ times as many as the largest cities within the nation, e.g. Vancouver had 20.4 and Toronto had 8.9.

The article reported, “The details were released on the same day the Public Health Agency of Canada announced opioids were a factor in more than 2,000 deaths in the first half of this 18. More than 9,000 people died of opioid-related causes between January 2016 and June 2018, agency staff said.”

But apart from deaths and significant opioid hospitalizations, the other ill-effects of the crises are numerous and should be taken into account in the back of one’s mind when viewing the these and other statistics – speaking to tragedies – in the news.

Full report: tinyurl.com/cihi2018

References

Hendry, L. (2018, December 12). Belleville sixth for opioid poisoning hospitalizations in Canada. Retrieved from https://www.intelligencer.ca/news/local-news/belleville-sixth-for-opioid-poisoning-hospitalizations-in-canada.

Photo by Ricardo Soria on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

Harm Reduction and the North Bay

Harm Reduction and the North Bay

The basic import and evidence behind harm reduction methodology is simply undeniable. But there are invested interests in ignorance about the nature of the best ways in which, or better ways in which, to deal with the various crises facing us, exacerbated by the punitive approaches to drugs and substances.

Needle exchanges and education are part and parcel of harm reduction. In the North Bay, there are more community spaces being proposed alongside some of the aforementioned measures, which can help members of the community and, thus, the health of the community.

One of the HIV education/MSM outreach coordinators for the AIDS Committee of North Bay and Area, Kathleen Jodouin, made certain to direct attention to the methodologies associated with harm reduction.

Jodouin stated, “There has been frequent talk in the community – across social media and news outlets – about improperly disposed of needles that are found in the community.”

One of the issues are the hours of operation. They be closed for substantial times in a 24-hour period in in a 7-day timespan. Other places including Kirkland Lake, New Liskeard, Sudbury, and Timmins accepted and implemented the proposals for safe disposal bins.

These are minimal and cheap measures to improve the health of communities.

“We think this could be an excellent resource for our community, to allow folks to have a safer place to dispose of them, which – of course – reduces transmission risk and the presence of improperly disposed of needles,” Jodouin explained, “but also helps to affirm that we are recognizing a need in the community for better services for those who are actively using.”

As the crises affecting communities throughout the country continue to become worse and worse, and more and more communities are affected, and to a substantially worse degree, there will be more events thematically oriented on it.

If we look at Harm Reduction Saves Lives, a 2-day symposium, Jodouin was part of it. In it, the emphasis was on “more education and emphasis on harm reduction as a solution.”

Jodouin stated the need for more inclusive for all members of the community, especially those who may be active users of substance. They aren’t from Mars. They’re other human beings deserving of compassion, dignity, and respect.

There is a lot of fear-based rhetoric, of which the least among out societies bear the brunt. In early 2018, Muskoka chairs put in the downtown were removed from outside the Canadian Mental Health Association. Why? Presumably, the stigma surrounding them.

Jodouin stated, “We find this quite disappointing, if not harmful, because it makes assumptions about the people who are accessing those services. It stigmatizes people who are brave enough to reach out into our community and ask for help and then it creates an isolation that these people are not welcome in the downtown core.”

References

Young, G. (2018, November 28). Harm reduction favoured as best treatment for drug problem. Retrieved from https://www.nugget.ca/news/local-news/harm-reduction-favoured-as-best-treatment-for-drug-problem.

Photo by Etienne Delorieux on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

Saskatoon Tribal Council and Harm Reduction Services

Saskatoon Tribal Council and Harm Reduction Services

According to Global News, there is a several year agreement for funding with the Saskatoon Tribal Council, or the STC, in order to improve the services for the Indigenous peoples “in and around the city.

The reportage stated, “Provincial government officials said Monday the these programs provide education, supplies, and supports to people who use drugs, reducing the spread of blood-borne infections, and other health-related harms.”

These remain significant and, potentially, growing problems throughout the country. The introduction of improved harm reduction measures will, as per the robust empirical and peer-reviewed evidence, make the health and wellness outcomes of the nation better in these areas as well.

The STC will also hire casual staff for needle exchanges, 2 outreach workers, one immunization/administrative co-ordinator, and 1 health centre director.

The STC Chief, Mark Arcand, stated, “We look forward to ensuring preventative harm reduction measures that are delivered in a culturally safe and respectful manner… We and our partners agree that a collaborative approach is necessary if we are to reduce the rates of HIV and hepatitis C in Saskatchewan. Together we can and will affect real change which enriches people’s quality of life.”

In addition to this, the Minister of Indigenous Servces, Jane Philpott, noted 30 First Nations communities now provide various harm reduction services. This is particularly heartwarming and important as most of the ill-health impacts of the country disproportionately negatively impact the Indigenous communities and peoples throughout the nation.

Philpott, in a press release, stated, “We know that First Nations-led and delivered programming and services can have the biggest impact on improving health outcomes for Indigenous peoples… This new funding agreement will allow for expanded access to more First Nations people in Saskatoon and surrounding communities, and will support a full range of harm reduction and HIV/AIDS care services.”

Now, the Indigenous Services Canada will give $0.825 million from October, 2018 to April, 2024; same with the Saskatchewan Ministry of Health. Then the STC will contiute $50,000 for 2018/19 and $100,000 per annum until March, 2024.

Indigenous Services Canada and the Saskatchewan Ministry of Health will each contribute $825,000 between October 2018 and April 2024 to STC’s program, plus an additional $180,000 this fiscal year for STC. STC will provide in-kind contributions of $50,000 for 2018-19 and $100,000 annually to March 2024.

The Saskatchewan Health Authority is also providing $180,000 this fiscal year toward STC’s program.

References

Piller, T. (2018, December 3). Saskatoon Tribal Council improving harm reduction services. Retrieved from https://globalnews.ca/news/4723106/saskatoon-tribal-council-improving-harm-reduction-services/.

Photo by karl S on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

L’éducation des jeunes sur le cannabis

L’éducation des jeunes sur le cannabis

Avec la légalisation récente du cannabis à des fins récréatives ainsi que des crises liées aux politiques sur les drogues à travers le monde, il importe que nous fassions des avancées vers l’éducation des jeunes, commençant avec les données probantes. Nous aimerions remercier Canopy Growth Corporation pour leur soutien d’Étudiant.es Canadien.nes pour les Politiques Éclairées sur les Substances Psychoactives (ÉCPÉSP) et de ce projet pour l’éducation des jeunes au sujet du cannabis par la voie d’une subvention sans restriction!

 

Des approches éclairées pour la légalisation et l’éducation

S’alignant avec le mandat d’ÉCPÉSP de soutenir les efforts d’éducation sur les drogues et s’appuyant sur les consultations avec les jeunes sur la légalisation du cannabis effectuées au Canada, cette référence répond aux besoins de développement de ressources réalistes et basées sur les faits pour l’éducation sur le cannabis pour les jeunes. Créée pour les éducatrices/teurs ainsi que pour les parents, cette référence vise à soutenir les adultes pour qu’ils/elles puissent avoir des conversations informées et ouvertes avec les jeunes.

Fundraising for Cannabis Education!

Fundraising for Cannabis Education!

On October 3rd, CSSDP will be holding its Annual General Meeting (AGM) in Edmonton, Alberta, as a part of Stimulus Conference and we’re looking for your help to get us there!

This is really important in the context of legalization, and in supporting the national community of youth in being heard when it comes to drug policy. On Wednesday, October 3rd, three of our board members will be presenting on Sensible Cannabis Education and we’ll be hosting our AGM in person and online right after.

CSSDP’s national board is composed of several volunteer members across Canada who work together remotely, while working closely with their communities and partner organizations to apply harm reduction and foster sensible drug policy and dialogue across the country. Our AGM is a key opportunity for us to meet in person, reflect on the work we have done and plan for what is to come in the following year. It allows members to debrief and propels us into a new year of bettering our communities by fighting for balanced, non-stigmatizing, and evidence-based drug conversations and measures. Helping us get together means supporting our sensible drug policy efforts, and especially our current biggest priority: cannabis education. As profoundly knowledgeable and well-connected young people, we are in the best position to effectively educate and engage in dialogue with other youth about cannabis.

If we want to ensure young people are educated about cannabis, the first step is supporting educators.

We are those educators.

We have the drive. We have the knowledge. We have the networks. We don’t have the money.

If you wish to support us, any donation goes a long way to fund the work we do. You can support us on Patreon with a regular monthly contribution, choose to fund a specific project, or simply etransfer to contact@cssdp.org.

Special donations will always get special recognition (contact us to learn more!) but every single dollar counts and will be put towards sensible drug policy. With at least 6 board members going to the AGM, our goal is to raise enough to cover their travel costs and conference entry, so we can celebrate Sensible Cannabis Education and our AGM together.

We thank you for your support and are looking forward to another year of progress.

Sensibly,

Canadian Students for Sensible Drug Policy

Kira London-Nadeau

Kira London-Nadeau

Chair

Kira is currently pursuing a Master’s Degree in Psychology at the University of Montréal. Her research focuses on the bidirectional effects of cannabis and mental health issues in adolescence, with a focus on sexual and gender minorities. She is also passionate about drug policy, social justice, health, and education.
Kira London-Nadeau poursuit présentement une maîtrise en psychologie à l’université de Montréal. Sa recherche est centrée sur les effets bidirectionnels du cannabis et des symptômes de psychopathologie à l’adolescence, avec une attention particulière portée aux minorités d’orientations sexuelles et aux minorités de genre. Elle est aussi passionnée des politiques en substances illicites, de la justice sociale, de la santé et de l’éducation.

International Drug Awareness Day 2018

International Drug Awareness Day 2018

By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

​​According to Global News, there was a harm reduction or drug overdose symposium in Kelowna entitled International Drug Overdose Awareness Day 2018. It is the second one.

There have been overdoses in British Columbia. These reflect the national statistics of overdoses. Indeed, there has been a continual increase in the number of overdoses in British Columbia.

In only July of 2017, there were 134 drug-overdose deaths – “suspected” – to have, unfortunately, occurred. In fact, 17 were within the Interior Health Authority.

This conference amounts to a concerned parties gathering with Moms Stop the Harm, Interior Health, politicians, and service providers helping with the overall event.

One purpose of an event such as this one is the work to decrease the harms associated with drug abuse or overuse.

As stated by Dr. Silvina Mema, Interior Health Officer, “Stigma prevents people from accessing services… Stigma prevents people from asking for help. Stigma is killing people.”

The stigma creates a sense and cycle of shame around the use of substances, which can prevent those who might, otherwise, get help from actually seeking assistance. It, in fact, causes harm – the stigma of drugs and drug users.

One woman with Moms Stop the Harm, Helen Jennings, stated, “Now with the Good Samaratin (Law), you’re not afraid of calling 911, even if you’re using yourself.”

Since spring 2017, there has been the Good Samaritan Law to provide some level of immunity for the individuals who are caught with simple possession of drugs, in the case of those who call 911 with an emergency of an overdose needing treatment.

Another resource of the area is the Living Positive Resource Centre, which is in Kelowna and based on the harm reduction methodology support by the scientific evidence.

Another initiative is Living Positive to give out complimentary naloxone kits. Furthermore, there are lessons in how to properly use them.

Photo by Art by Lønfeldt on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

Parkdale Site Opens

Parkdale Site Opens

By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

In terms of the dealing with the substance or drug abuse or overuse and overdose phenomenon happening throughout the nation, the position with the most evidence remains the harm reduction philosophy as applied in the various harm reduction methodologies.

The purpose of the harm reduction philosophy as shown in the evidence is proven; the intent is not only good but has positive individual and societal impacts. The main problem is the degree to which there is funding for the methodologies, e.g. overdose prevention sites and safe injection sites and Naloxone kits.

Parkdale, Toronto had the problem of funding. There is a group of bottom-up organizers who worked to open, alongside activists and healthcare workers, an overdose prevention site in the neighbourhood. As it turns out, there has been work to prevent this, not from the grassroots.

The province is now going to pause funding on these initiatives. However, the Parkdale community – the aforementioned community members – two weeks after the announcement decided to open the overdose prevention site anyway. The Toronto Overdose |Prevention Society stated that the reason was in direct response to the government legal sanctions.

This is reported to be similar to the Moss Park site opened about one year ago. The new site will be on Beaty Boulevard park and King Street West.

Molly Bannerman, the Toronto Overdose Prevention Society member, stated, “We are in the midst of a public health crisis and we will not allow lifesaving services to be paused while Parkdale community members are dying… We will stand together and fight against this crisis with other communities across the province.”
The province cut the original funding for the site. The Parkdale Queen West Community Health Centre would have opened one; however, only two days prior to the opening of the site the funding was then suspended for any of the sites. This reflect community activism for the benefit of the members in it, given available evidence about harm reduction.
More information in the link at the start.

Photo by Ivan Bandura on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

CSSDP Overdose Awareness Day 2018

CSSDP Overdose Awareness Day 2018

Last friday, Ontario’s new Minister of Health and Long-term Care, Christine Elliott, announced the Ford government’s decision to put a hold on approving any new overdose prevention sites until more evidence is reviewed. This move came less than a month before August 31, International Overdose Awareness Day – a day dedicated to remembering all of those who were lost too early to a drug overdose. This day should act as a reminder to all levels of government that we are living through an epidemic of preventable deaths. If the loss of 4000 Canadians in 2017 alone wasn’t enough, this day should prompt government reflection on what political action is needed to turn this crisis around. We strongly urge the Ford government to take this chance to reconsider its decision to freeze the overdose prevention site approval process – a move that, if not reversed, experts say will directly contribute to rising overdose deaths throughout the province.

Thanks to an in-depth scientific evaluation of Insite, Vancouver’s supervised injection facility (SIF), the evidence has been clear for more than a decade: SIFs have been shown to prevent infectious disease transmission and injection-related injury and infection, connect clients with health resources including mental health and addiction treatment, reduce public disorder, and even save taxpayers an estimated $18 million over 10 years (what right-leaning voter can’t appreciate that?). On top of this – and most relevant to the current opioid and overdose crisis across Canada – using a SIF significantly reduces the risk of fatal overdose, so much so that the results can be seen at the population-level. The opening of Insite, which oversees up to 12 injections at a time, was shown to contribute to a 35% decline in the fatal overdose rate within the Downtown Eastside community within its first 2 years of operation. In fact, since opening its doors in 2004, Insite has seen over 8000 overdoses but not one death. This is because staff are on-hand to make sure that if a client overdoses, naloxone is administered and emergency responders are called. However, SIFs are operated by health authorities in a somewhat medicalized setting. For this reason, they may be avoided by some of the most marginalized members of the community who tend to be at highest risk of overdose but less willing to interact with the health care system due to experiences of stigma and discrimination.

This is where overdose prevention sites come in. Overdose prevention sites are low-threshold supervised consumption service settings in which trained drug-using peers and other community volunteers are on-hand to respond to an overdose. Overdose prevention sites are less expensive than SIFs to operate, and can be set up quickly to respond to a spike in overdoses within a community. The Ontario Minister of Health says she needs to review the evidence to see if overdose prevention sites “have merit” before approving any more sites. Although her comments suggest the “evidence” she is looking for will be opinions of the surrounding community, if she were referring to formal peer-reviewed research specific to overdose prevention sites, we might be waiting for a while. There is very little published research on these sites because they were implemented very recently as an emergency response to a public health crisis, and a proper scientific evaluation takes time. However, a rapid qualitative evaluation of these sites is expected to be published in the near future by research scientists in Vancouver. Based on this research, the lead investigator Dr. Ryan McNeil has publicly voiced support for the sites in response to the Ontario government’s decision.

Even without peer-reviewed research evaluating overdose prevention sites, a basic review of overdose trends within the population should tell us all we need to know about the importance of a low-threshold supervised consumption model. In BC, the first province to implement and quickly expand overdose prevention sites, there have been over 2000 overdoses at these sites, yet not one death. What would have happened to these individuals had they been forced to inject alone or away from trained responders? A simple review of overdose data in BC suggests that many of these overdoses could have been fatal, since the majority of overdose deaths occurred among individuals who used alone and/or in a private setting away from the public.

Our organization has many wishes on this Overdose Awareness Day, but reversing the freeze on approvals for new overdose prevention sites in Ontario is at the top of our list. This move would immediately start saving lives.

Here’s what else we are advocating for on International Overdose Awareness Day and every day:

Photo by Jonatan Pie on Unsplash

Stephanie Lake

Stephanie Lake

Stephanie is a doctoral student in population and public health at the University of British Columbia, where she is currently undertaking research to better understand the links between cannabis, opioids, and drug-related morbidity. Specifically, she is interested in understanding the potential role of cannabis in harm reduction among people who use illicit drugs in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside neighbourhood. Her other research interests include the therapeutic use of cannabis among people living with HIV/AIDS. Stephanie has also served as staff writer for the UBC Medical Journal (2014-2016) and as an intern at the Canadian Drug Policy Coalition (2014), and is currently working with other students to revive the CSSDP’s Vancouver chapter. In addition to her academic writing, Stephanie has published numerous letters and articles on cannabis in local newspapers including the Vancouver Sun and The Province. She joined the CSSDP in in 2016, and is looking forward to working with other students across Canada to push for a drug policy that is guided by evidence and human rights.

The Debate on Harm Reduction is Not a Debate

The Debate on Harm Reduction is Not a Debate

By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

According to the Globe and Mail, there is a problem with the public debate around harm reduction. In particular, the fact of the matter is the peer-reviewed literature in support of harm reduction philosophy and methodology and not in support of the current punitive-retributive philosophy and methodology.

The Ontario Health Minister, Christine Elliott, spoke on the evidence for the decision made by the Progressive Conservative government decision to move forward with even further research on the opioid epidemic or crisis, where there was the suspension of the opening of sites based on harm reduction to help substance users within communities in the province.

The basic assertion was that some in the population disagree on the efficacy of the harm reduction implementations. No evidence was given except some minority opinion of the public rather than reference to the general public of Ontario and the wider world of academic research already present indicating the efficacy of harm reduction methodologies over and above the punitive measures,where, in fact, the punishment oriented methodologies do more harm than good to the substance users.

As reported, “Ms. Elliott’s struggle to rationalize her government’s skepticism was reflective of the reality that, 15 years after Canada first began to experiment with providing addicts safe, medically supervised sites where they can inject drugs, there is no good evidence against doing so. Instead, there is voluminous evidence that such places keep people alive, with staff reversing multiple overdoses daily – along with other benefits that include reducing the spread of disease through needle-sharing and, yes, directing some addicts toward rehab.”

Photo by Ivan Bandura on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

Lethbridge Working Towards Opioid Plan

Lethbridge Working Towards Opioid Plan

By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

The Lethbridge Herald stated that there is work ongoing within Lethbridge, Alberta to plan for actionables with the opioid crisis.

The Lethbridge City Council is working to fix the issues with an ad hoc committee in addition to three community meetings.The issue is gripping the entire country. Many are wondering about the best means by which to deal with these issues ongoing in the nation.

One councillor, Jeff Carlson, stated, “Council is definitely late to the conversation on this one… However, we do have a responsibility to the community and we have to step up and recognize where we can lead.”

Within the ad hod committee, the fundamental targeted objective is to develop a plan of action for tackling the opioid crisis issue. In particular, the coordination with a variety of stakeholders within the community to work on proactive and constructive solutions to be implemented through the action plan.

The residents, businesses, and other stakeholders will be helping with this process, in order to deal with the crisis of overdoses associated with opioids in Lethbridge at the moment. It is an increasing problem locally and nationally, where this then requires the action plans to be developed and implemented through the councils of cities.

The impacts of the crisis centre on the deaths of Canadian citizens but also on the peripheral environment in which illicit and drug-related activity is ongoing, including downtown Lethbridge, petty crime in the geography of Lethbridge, and drug paraphernalia being left lying around.

The public spaces become less safe for the public. This is an issue and a concern.

Councillor Blaine Hyggen moved three amendments to improve the ability of the community to deal with the issues of the community through the committee. The size of the committee will increase from 10 to 20. The stance of many Lethbridge City Council members was an emphasis on the importance of the inclusion of the community and that this should have been several months prior.

The guidelines set about by Health Canada will be the document referenced in the harm reduction plan to be put forward by the council.

Photo by Owen Hartley on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.