L’éducation des jeunes sur le cannabis

L’éducation des jeunes sur le cannabis

Avec la légalisation récente du cannabis à des fins récréatives ainsi que des crises liées aux politiques sur les drogues à travers le monde, il importe que nous fassions des avancées vers l’éducation des jeunes, commençant avec les données probantes. Nous aimerions remercier Canopy Growth Corporation pour leur soutien d’Étudiant.es Canadien.nes pour les Politiques Éclairées sur les Substances Psychoactives (ÉCPÉSP) et de ce projet pour l’éducation des jeunes au sujet du cannabis par la voie d’une subvention sans restriction!

 

Des approches éclairées pour la légalisation et l’éducation

S’alignant avec le mandat d’ÉCPÉSP de soutenir les efforts d’éducation sur les drogues et s’appuyant sur les consultations avec les jeunes sur la légalisation du cannabis effectuées au Canada, cette référence répond aux besoins de développement de ressources réalistes et basées sur les faits pour l’éducation sur le cannabis pour les jeunes. Créée pour les éducatrices/teurs ainsi que pour les parents, cette référence vise à soutenir les adultes pour qu’ils/elles puissent avoir des conversations informées et ouvertes avec les jeunes.

Fundraising for Cannabis Education!

Fundraising for Cannabis Education!

On October 3rd, CSSDP will be holding its Annual General Meeting (AGM) in Edmonton, Alberta, as a part of Stimulus Conference and we’re looking for your help to get us there!

This is really important in the context of legalization, and in supporting the national community of youth in being heard when it comes to drug policy. On Wednesday, October 3rd, three of our board members will be presenting on Sensible Cannabis Education and we’ll be hosting our AGM in person and online right after.

CSSDP’s national board is composed of several volunteer members across Canada who work together remotely, while working closely with their communities and partner organizations to apply harm reduction and foster sensible drug policy and dialogue across the country. Our AGM is a key opportunity for us to meet in person, reflect on the work we have done and plan for what is to come in the following year. It allows members to debrief and propels us into a new year of bettering our communities by fighting for balanced, non-stigmatizing, and evidence-based drug conversations and measures. Helping us get together means supporting our sensible drug policy efforts, and especially our current biggest priority: cannabis education. As profoundly knowledgeable and well-connected young people, we are in the best position to effectively educate and engage in dialogue with other youth about cannabis.

If we want to ensure young people are educated about cannabis, the first step is supporting educators.

We are those educators.

We have the drive. We have the knowledge. We have the networks. We don’t have the money.

If you wish to support us, any donation goes a long way to fund the work we do. You can support us on Patreon with a regular monthly contribution, choose to fund a specific project, or simply etransfer to contact@cssdp.org.

Special donations will always get special recognition (contact us to learn more!) but every single dollar counts and will be put towards sensible drug policy. With at least 6 board members going to the AGM, our goal is to raise enough to cover their travel costs and conference entry, so we can celebrate Sensible Cannabis Education and our AGM together.

We thank you for your support and are looking forward to another year of progress.

Sensibly,

Canadian Students for Sensible Drug Policy

Kira London-Nadeau

Kira London-Nadeau

Board member

Kira is currently pursuing a Master’s Degree in Psychology at the University of Montréal. Her research focuses on the bidirectional effects of cannabis and mental health issues in adolescence, with a focus on sexual and gender minorities. She is also passionate about drug policy, social justice, health, and education.
Kira London-Nadeau poursuit présentement une maîtrise en psychologie à l’université de Montréal. Sa recherche est centrée sur les effets bidirectionnels du cannabis et des symptômes de psychopathologie à l’adolescence, avec une attention particulière portée aux minorités d’orientations sexuelles et aux minorités de genre. Elle est aussi passionnée des politiques en substances illicites, de la justice sociale, de la santé et de l’éducation.

International Drug Awareness Day 2018

International Drug Awareness Day 2018

By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

​​According to Global News, there was a harm reduction or drug overdose symposium in Kelowna entitled International Drug Overdose Awareness Day 2018. It is the second one.

There have been overdoses in British Columbia. These reflect the national statistics of overdoses. Indeed, there has been a continual increase in the number of overdoses in British Columbia.

In only July of 2017, there were 134 drug-overdose deaths – “suspected” – to have, unfortunately, occurred. In fact, 17 were within the Interior Health Authority.

This conference amounts to a concerned parties gathering with Moms Stop the Harm, Interior Health, politicians, and service providers helping with the overall event.

One purpose of an event such as this one is the work to decrease the harms associated with drug abuse or overuse.

As stated by Dr. Silvina Mema, Interior Health Officer, “Stigma prevents people from accessing services… Stigma prevents people from asking for help. Stigma is killing people.”

The stigma creates a sense and cycle of shame around the use of substances, which can prevent those who might, otherwise, get help from actually seeking assistance. It, in fact, causes harm – the stigma of drugs and drug users.

One woman with Moms Stop the Harm, Helen Jennings, stated, “Now with the Good Samaratin (Law), you’re not afraid of calling 911, even if you’re using yourself.”

Since spring 2017, there has been the Good Samaritan Law to provide some level of immunity for the individuals who are caught with simple possession of drugs, in the case of those who call 911 with an emergency of an overdose needing treatment.

Another resource of the area is the Living Positive Resource Centre, which is in Kelowna and based on the harm reduction methodology support by the scientific evidence.

Another initiative is Living Positive to give out complimentary naloxone kits. Furthermore, there are lessons in how to properly use them.

Photo by Art by Lønfeldt on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

Parkdale Site Opens

Parkdale Site Opens

By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

In terms of the dealing with the substance or drug abuse or overuse and overdose phenomenon happening throughout the nation, the position with the most evidence remains the harm reduction philosophy as applied in the various harm reduction methodologies.

The purpose of the harm reduction philosophy as shown in the evidence is proven; the intent is not only good but has positive individual and societal impacts. The main problem is the degree to which there is funding for the methodologies, e.g. overdose prevention sites and safe injection sites and Naloxone kits.

Parkdale, Toronto had the problem of funding. There is a group of bottom-up organizers who worked to open, alongside activists and healthcare workers, an overdose prevention site in the neighbourhood. As it turns out, there has been work to prevent this, not from the grassroots.

The province is now going to pause funding on these initiatives. However, the Parkdale community – the aforementioned community members – two weeks after the announcement decided to open the overdose prevention site anyway. The Toronto Overdose |Prevention Society stated that the reason was in direct response to the government legal sanctions.

This is reported to be similar to the Moss Park site opened about one year ago. The new site will be on Beaty Boulevard park and King Street West.

Molly Bannerman, the Toronto Overdose Prevention Society member, stated, “We are in the midst of a public health crisis and we will not allow lifesaving services to be paused while Parkdale community members are dying… We will stand together and fight against this crisis with other communities across the province.”
The province cut the original funding for the site. The Parkdale Queen West Community Health Centre would have opened one; however, only two days prior to the opening of the site the funding was then suspended for any of the sites. This reflect community activism for the benefit of the members in it, given available evidence about harm reduction.
More information in the link at the start.

Photo by Ivan Bandura on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

CSSDP Overdose Awareness Day 2018

CSSDP Overdose Awareness Day 2018

Last friday, Ontario’s new Minister of Health and Long-term Care, Christine Elliott, announced the Ford government’s decision to put a hold on approving any new overdose prevention sites until more evidence is reviewed. This move came less than a month before August 31, International Overdose Awareness Day – a day dedicated to remembering all of those who were lost too early to a drug overdose. This day should act as a reminder to all levels of government that we are living through an epidemic of preventable deaths. If the loss of 4000 Canadians in 2017 alone wasn’t enough, this day should prompt government reflection on what political action is needed to turn this crisis around. We strongly urge the Ford government to take this chance to reconsider its decision to freeze the overdose prevention site approval process – a move that, if not reversed, experts say will directly contribute to rising overdose deaths throughout the province.

Thanks to an in-depth scientific evaluation of Insite, Vancouver’s supervised injection facility (SIF), the evidence has been clear for more than a decade: SIFs have been shown to prevent infectious disease transmission and injection-related injury and infection, connect clients with health resources including mental health and addiction treatment, reduce public disorder, and even save taxpayers an estimated $18 million over 10 years (what right-leaning voter can’t appreciate that?). On top of this – and most relevant to the current opioid and overdose crisis across Canada – using a SIF significantly reduces the risk of fatal overdose, so much so that the results can be seen at the population-level. The opening of Insite, which oversees up to 12 injections at a time, was shown to contribute to a 35% decline in the fatal overdose rate within the Downtown Eastside community within its first 2 years of operation. In fact, since opening its doors in 2004, Insite has seen over 8000 overdoses but not one death. This is because staff are on-hand to make sure that if a client overdoses, naloxone is administered and emergency responders are called. However, SIFs are operated by health authorities in a somewhat medicalized setting. For this reason, they may be avoided by some of the most marginalized members of the community who tend to be at highest risk of overdose but less willing to interact with the health care system due to experiences of stigma and discrimination.

This is where overdose prevention sites come in. Overdose prevention sites are low-threshold supervised consumption service settings in which trained drug-using peers and other community volunteers are on-hand to respond to an overdose. Overdose prevention sites are less expensive than SIFs to operate, and can be set up quickly to respond to a spike in overdoses within a community. The Ontario Minister of Health says she needs to review the evidence to see if overdose prevention sites “have merit” before approving any more sites. Although her comments suggest the “evidence” she is looking for will be opinions of the surrounding community, if she were referring to formal peer-reviewed research specific to overdose prevention sites, we might be waiting for a while. There is very little published research on these sites because they were implemented very recently as an emergency response to a public health crisis, and a proper scientific evaluation takes time. However, a rapid qualitative evaluation of these sites is expected to be published in the near future by research scientists in Vancouver. Based on this research, the lead investigator Dr. Ryan McNeil has publicly voiced support for the sites in response to the Ontario government’s decision.

Even without peer-reviewed research evaluating overdose prevention sites, a basic review of overdose trends within the population should tell us all we need to know about the importance of a low-threshold supervised consumption model. In BC, the first province to implement and quickly expand overdose prevention sites, there have been over 2000 overdoses at these sites, yet not one death. What would have happened to these individuals had they been forced to inject alone or away from trained responders? A simple review of overdose data in BC suggests that many of these overdoses could have been fatal, since the majority of overdose deaths occurred among individuals who used alone and/or in a private setting away from the public.

Our organization has many wishes on this Overdose Awareness Day, but reversing the freeze on approvals for new overdose prevention sites in Ontario is at the top of our list. This move would immediately start saving lives.

Here’s what else we are advocating for on International Overdose Awareness Day and every day:

Photo by Jonatan Pie on Unsplash

Stephanie Lake

Stephanie Lake

Stephanie is a doctoral student in population and public health at the University of British Columbia, where she is currently undertaking research to better understand the links between cannabis, opioids, and drug-related morbidity. Specifically, she is interested in understanding the potential role of cannabis in harm reduction among people who use illicit drugs in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside neighbourhood. Her other research interests include the therapeutic use of cannabis among people living with HIV/AIDS. Stephanie has also served as staff writer for the UBC Medical Journal (2014-2016) and as an intern at the Canadian Drug Policy Coalition (2014), and is currently working with other students to revive the CSSDP’s Vancouver chapter. In addition to her academic writing, Stephanie has published numerous letters and articles on cannabis in local newspapers including the Vancouver Sun and The Province. She joined the CSSDP in in 2016, and is looking forward to working with other students across Canada to push for a drug policy that is guided by evidence and human rights.

The Debate on Harm Reduction is Not a Debate

The Debate on Harm Reduction is Not a Debate

By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

According to the Globe and Mail, there is a problem with the public debate around harm reduction. In particular, the fact of the matter is the peer-reviewed literature in support of harm reduction philosophy and methodology and not in support of the current punitive-retributive philosophy and methodology.

The Ontario Health Minister, Christine Elliott, spoke on the evidence for the decision made by the Progressive Conservative government decision to move forward with even further research on the opioid epidemic or crisis, where there was the suspension of the opening of sites based on harm reduction to help substance users within communities in the province.

The basic assertion was that some in the population disagree on the efficacy of the harm reduction implementations. No evidence was given except some minority opinion of the public rather than reference to the general public of Ontario and the wider world of academic research already present indicating the efficacy of harm reduction methodologies over and above the punitive measures,where, in fact, the punishment oriented methodologies do more harm than good to the substance users.

As reported, “Ms. Elliott’s struggle to rationalize her government’s skepticism was reflective of the reality that, 15 years after Canada first began to experiment with providing addicts safe, medically supervised sites where they can inject drugs, there is no good evidence against doing so. Instead, there is voluminous evidence that such places keep people alive, with staff reversing multiple overdoses daily – along with other benefits that include reducing the spread of disease through needle-sharing and, yes, directing some addicts toward rehab.”

Photo by Ivan Bandura on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

Lethbridge Working Towards Opioid Plan

Lethbridge Working Towards Opioid Plan

By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

The Lethbridge Herald stated that there is work ongoing within Lethbridge, Alberta to plan for actionables with the opioid crisis.

The Lethbridge City Council is working to fix the issues with an ad hoc committee in addition to three community meetings.The issue is gripping the entire country. Many are wondering about the best means by which to deal with these issues ongoing in the nation.

One councillor, Jeff Carlson, stated, “Council is definitely late to the conversation on this one… However, we do have a responsibility to the community and we have to step up and recognize where we can lead.”

Within the ad hod committee, the fundamental targeted objective is to develop a plan of action for tackling the opioid crisis issue. In particular, the coordination with a variety of stakeholders within the community to work on proactive and constructive solutions to be implemented through the action plan.

The residents, businesses, and other stakeholders will be helping with this process, in order to deal with the crisis of overdoses associated with opioids in Lethbridge at the moment. It is an increasing problem locally and nationally, where this then requires the action plans to be developed and implemented through the councils of cities.

The impacts of the crisis centre on the deaths of Canadian citizens but also on the peripheral environment in which illicit and drug-related activity is ongoing, including downtown Lethbridge, petty crime in the geography of Lethbridge, and drug paraphernalia being left lying around.

The public spaces become less safe for the public. This is an issue and a concern.

Councillor Blaine Hyggen moved three amendments to improve the ability of the community to deal with the issues of the community through the committee. The size of the committee will increase from 10 to 20. The stance of many Lethbridge City Council members was an emphasis on the importance of the inclusion of the community and that this should have been several months prior.

The guidelines set about by Health Canada will be the document referenced in the harm reduction plan to be put forward by the council.

Photo by Owen Hartley on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

Melanson on Safe Injection Sites

Melanson on Safe Injection Sites

By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

According to the Sudbury, the safe injection sites will begin to fall within the orbit of the provincial and the federal governments in Canada. Municipalities are unable to construct one from municipal tax dollars.

The federal government, based on the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, will be granting an exemption. This is said to be in compliance with Bill C-2. The bill states that the safe injection site will meet a proscribed set of requirements and then the exemption can be granted.

Evidence exists in support Insite. Insite is the first legal site. It operates  out of Vancouver. It has reduced the spread of infectious diseases such as HIV/AID. It is part of harm reduction methodology in practice and, therefore, in alignment with the professional research paying dividends for the health and well-being of those in need.

The city of Vancouver works from its four pillars of harm reduction drug policy. These are harm reduction, prevention, treatment, and enforcement. Within these measures, we can see the help towards the reduction in harm for those in deep need in society, often forgotten and marginalized – and demonized, stigmatized, and eventually traumatized.

The responsibility lies with the design of policies, practices, and norms of culture in order to reduce the level of the harms for those individuals who happen to go through the horrid experience of overdose or possible death due to overdose. It becomes particularly pertinent and prudent to support these initiatives in the light of the fentanyl overdose crisis with thousands Canadian citizens’ deaths linked to them.

The responsibility for the implementation of these initiatives should come from the federal and provincial governments, and will; furthermore, the municipalities have been given these duties and obligations within any support in funding. It becomes more work with the same amount of resources.

This makes for the burden to be placed on the property owners in the regions and areas ravaged by the consequences of drug abuse or misuse. Insite costs $3 million per annum to operate.

Melanson in the publication states, “We already have the burden of more provincial and federal programs; the costs of which are being carried by homeowners, with fixed incomes, who are barely able to afford to stay in their homes as it is. To deliberately add to that burden, would be to effectively push financially vulnerable seniors and others past the financial tipping point, and result in their having to sell their homes.”

He called for the mayor to reduce the tax burden on the property owners. The Ontario Ministry of Health is working to review  the safe injection sites. With the review cleared, the Greater Sudbury Council can then construct informed decisions and policies for the improvement of the health of the area.

Photo by Gabriel Jimenez on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

A Call For Decriminalization Around The World

A Call For Decriminalization Around The World

By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

There has been some recent reportage on some increase in a modern call for decriminalization of drugs not only in Canada but also in a number of other nations around the world.

If one looks at the North American context, we can see the number of policymakers in the United States far underwhelms the number of those in Canada and elsewhere, per capita, in support of the decriminalization of drugs. It is amounts to the elimination of criminal penalties for drug possession.

That is, a reduction and eventual elimination of the number of jail terms and arrests for those who carry drugs for some personal use. Most of the American public supports this notion, where this contrasts with the number of policymakers in a distinct way. In addition, there are the majority of the “governmental, medical, public health and civil rights groups” who support this policy.

It would appear the basic premise of the policymakers stands at odds with the vast majority of the activist organizations and the American public. In the Canadian context, we have seen the Toronto and Montreal public health authorities recommend for the decriminalization of drugs for personal use.

This has made international news, not so surprisingly – as this is dramatic notion, but not within the national conversation of those who may have deceased family members, unfortunately, due to the opioid crisis that is ongoing. Vancouver made an official recommendation for the decriminalization to the Canadian government as well.

Two of the major political parties in Canada, including the standing federal political government, created an additional portion to their campaign platforms with drug decriminalization. The majority of the citizenry want it.

“Canada is joined by a growing list of countries — which already includes France, Georgia, Ghana, Ireland and Norway — where moves are being made at senior levels of government to pave the way for decriminalizing the personal use of drugs,” as reported in The Hill, “Several countries have successful experience with decriminalization, including the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, and — most notably — Portugal. In 2001, Portugal enacted one of the most extensive drug law reforms in the world when it decriminalized all illegal drugs.”

Portugal does not arrest people for drug possession. More people, who need it, are receiving proper treatment. Then the addiction, infection, and overdose rates have declined as well. It makes an empirical, societal-wide, argument for the investment in harm reduction philosophy, education, and implementation of methodology for the well-being of the general population.

The United Nations and the World Health Organization called for the decriminalization too. Former Portuguese Prime Minister António Guterres has been the Secretary-General o the United Nations since 2001. He makes the same argument. As time moves along into the future, with the vast support of the American public and the increasing support around the world, one may extrapolate to a likely decriminalization future.

Photo by Ksenia Makagonova on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.

The Potential Look of Decriminalization in Canada

The Potential Look of Decriminalization in Canada

By Scott Douglas Jacobsen

According to the Saskatoon Star Phoenix, there is a united call on the part of the relevant authorities in Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver for the decriminalization of hard drugs.

As reported, “Among this pro-decriminalization camp, there is one word that is mentioned constantly: Portugal, the country that pioneered across-the-board drug decriminalization in 2001. Portugal has not legalized drugs. Far from it.”

The article continues to state the selling of cannabis will be legal in Canadian society soon. This same use can put someone in jail in Portugal. The decriminalization of hard drugs in Portugal was in 2001 for individual consumption.

“Anyone caught with more than a 10 days’ supply of drugs is still regarded as a trafficker and criminally prosecuted. In 2010, roughly one fifth of the country’s prison population was put there by a trafficking conviction,” the articled stated.

Portugal put forward a complete ban on the cultivation of the drug. That even means for the personal use of the substance as well. The country continues to lag behind the Western world in the approving of medical cannabis.

But two months ago, Portugal approved its first bill for the authorization of cannabis for its medical use. The use of substances  did not rise in a rapid fashion or really at all after the decriminalization.

That is, there were a number of fears over this decriminalization. However, this did not lead to many purported problems.

“In fact, recorded drug use has one down in certain key categories, including among young people and injection drug users,” the article explained, “‘There is essentially no relationship between the punitiveness of a country’s drug laws and its rates of drug use ‘wrote the drug reform think tank Transform in an analysis of Portuguese drug use data.”

There is further conversation in the reportage on the addicts, legal sanctions, deaths and infection rates going down, the uncertainty of how the decriminalization affects the benefits to the population (unknown pathways of actions post-decriminalization), and the decriminalization is not a panacea.

Photo by Tim Johnson on Unsplash

Scott Jacobsen

Scott Jacobsen

Member-at-Large/Writer

(Last Update: September 28, 2016)

Scott Douglas Jacobsen researches and presents independent panels, papers, and posters, and with varied research labs and groups, and part-time in landscaping (lifting, mowing, and raking) and gardening (digging, planting, and weeding). He is the Founder of In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal and In-Sight Publishing. UCI Ethics Center awarded him with the distinction of Francisco Ayala Scholar (2014) for mentoring, presenting, researching, and writing. If you want to contact Scott, you may inquire or comment through e-mail: Scott.D.Jacobsen@Gmail.com.

He published in American Enterprise InstituteAnnaborgiaConatus NewsEarth Skin & EdenFresh Start Recovery CentreGordon Neighbourhood HouseHuffington PostIn-Sight: Independent Interview-Based JournalJolly DragonsKwantlen Polytechnic University Psychology DepartmentLa Petite MortLearning Analytics Research GroupLifespan Cognition Psychology LabLost in SamaraMarijuana Party of CanadaMomMandyNoesis: The Journal of the Mega SocietyPiece of MindProduction ModeSynapseTeenFinancialThe PeakThe UbysseyThe Voice MagazineTransformative DialoguesTreasure Box KidsTrusted Clothes.